About Bellary Taluk
Bellary taluk takes its name from its headquarters town which is also the district headquarters town. There are several stories in circulation regarding the origin of its name. In one such story it is believed that the name is connected with the defeat and death of a demon king by name Bala who was harassing devekanyas at the hands of Indra. This place came to be known as ‘Bala - hari’ which in the course of time pronounced as ‘Ballari / Bellary ‘.
This is a border taluk where a significant number of people speak telugu.The number of villages fall on the border of Andhra Pradesh are 46 in number.The Govt. of India at the time of formation of Andhra state announced that with the exception of Bellary taluk all other taluks viz., Harpanahalli, Hadagali, Hospet, Kudligi, Sandur and Siruguppa which had large no.of kannada speaking people should form part of the Mysore state. However it was only after Mr.Justice Lakshmi Shankar Misra’s visit to Bellary and on his recommendations to the Govt., Bellary taluk had been merged with the then Mysore state. There is perfect hormony between kannada and telugu speaking people.
The taluk is bounded on the north by the Siruguppa taluk on the south by the Alur taluk of Andhra Pradesh,on the east by the Anantapur and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh and on the west by Sandur and Hospet taluks.
An official Census 2011 detail of Bellary, a district of Karnataka has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Karnataka. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Bellary District of Karnataka.
In 2011, Bellary had population of 2,532,383 of which male and female were 1,280,402 and 1,251,981 respectively. There was change of 24.92 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Bellary District recorded increase of 22.41 percent to its population compared to 1991.The initial provisional data suggest a density of 300 in 2011 compared to 240 of 2001. Total area under Bellary district is of about 8,439 sq.km.Average literacy rate of Bellary in 2011 were 67.85 compared to 57.40 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 77.24 and 58.28 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 69.20 and 45.28 in Bellary District. Total literate in Bellary District were 1,486,230 of which male and female were 853,834 and 632,396 respectively. In 2001, Bellary District had 980,483 in its total region. With regards to Sex Ratio in Bellary, it stood at 978 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 969. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directo Bellary is revenue sub-division headquarters with 3 taluks.Bellary taluk has 5 R I circles.
There are only two tributaries of the Tungabadhra river viz.,Hagari and Chikka Hagari which passes through two taluks - Bellary and Siruguppa. The normal rainfall is 525.4 mm. The major crops grown are paddy, maize, jowar, sunflower, cotton, and bengalgram.The net irrigated area constitute only 61076 hec.(41 p.c.). Being a border taluk many farmers from Andhra Pradesh have migrated here and cultivate lands on lease basis.TB canals cover 59491 hec.(98 p.c.) and other source of irrigation is through wells and borewells.
Bellary district is rich in natural resources which need to be tapped to a great extent for overall development of the district. This district is endowed with rich mineral resources. It has both metallic and non-metallic minerals. The metallic minerals include iron ore, manganese ore, redoxide, gold, copper and lead. The non-metallic minerals include andalusite, asbestos, corundum, clay, dolomite, limestone, limekankan, molding sand, quartz, soap stone, granite and red ochre. The metallic minerals are abundant is only three talukas, Sanduru, Hosapete and Bellary in the order of mining activity intensity. The annual production of Iron ore is anywhere between 2.75 to 4.5 million tonnes, and manganese ore between 0.13 million tonnes to 0.3 million tonnes (1991). Bellary presently is the second fastest growing city in the state of Karnataka after Bengaluru. The real estate prices have already started to shoot as more and more industries are finding their way into this city. Bellary to its credit has the second largest single rock mountain in the world.